“Panic is maximum anxiety in inexplicable situations”
A state of panic is a physical phenomenon resulting from the anxiety process. We refer to panic when an extreme level of anxiety is felt.
Anxiety is a physical phenomenon of reaction to the emotion of fear caused by the release of adrenaline in the blood by the adrenal glands.
In moments of anxiety adrenaline is released in abundant quantities preparing the body for great physical efforts, stimulating the heart, increasing blood pressure, relaxing certain muscles and contracting others.
Causes of Panic Attacks
Sometimes as a side effect of medication, drugs, or various physical weaknesses, there is an excessive release of adrenaline thus causing a physical collapse, misleading a panic state feeling.
This physical breakdown with symptoms similar to anxiety, causes the mind to believe to be in a state of imminent death (danger), and can start here the first event of the panic syndrome. From this isolated panic event can be generated the fear of feeling panic again!
Those suffering from this disorder feel a maximum anxiety level in unexplained situations, failing to recognize the fears inherent to them.
In most cases people who suffer from this disorder are not diagnosed correctly due to the difficulty that often exists in detecting this syndrome leading frequently to think that these are just episodes of plain anxiety.
Most common symptoms of panic attacks:/h2>
- Breathing difficulties or being smothered;
- Feeling dizzy, unsteady, lightheaded, or faint;
- Palpitations, and/or accelerated heart rate;
- Trembling or shaking;
- Shortness of breath;
- Nausea, stomach pain or diarrhoea;
- De-realization (feelings of unreality), depersonalization (being detached from oneself), or detached from surroundings;
- Paresthesias (numbness or tingling sensations);
- Chills or hot flashes;
- Chest pain or discomfort;
- Fear of dying;
- Fear of losing control or going crazy.
These symptoms are so strong that, when we believe we are going to die, is created per se an unconscious and resistant trauma, causing a deep and continuous mental process of withdrawal of all the experiences that were interpreted as being the cause of the physical collapse experienced.
As our mind could not recognise that the real causes of this collapse had its origin in a physical weakness, interprets the external factors that happened at that time (such as: the place and the circumstances where the person was, the thoughts the person was having) as aggressive and disturbing experiences to avoid in the future.
This erroneous mental process causes a high anxiety level every time we face the experiences regarded as aggressors. People disturbed by this syndrome are led to think that they have several phobias when in fact what they feel is an extreme fear of being exposed to potentially aggressive experiences.