Depression is an emotional disorder, in which we experience emotions of anguish, sadness, frustration, discouragement and demotivation, resulting from past traumatic experiences from which we could not yet get dissociated, freed from. Several times we live experiences that collide with our values, with our beliefs, with our goals creating emotional conflicts.
These emotions of sadness, of sorrow, and of revolt disturb and depress us. Sometimes these emotions are very strong and therefore we cannot get emotionally free from them. Thus, we live for a long time with this weight, with these sensations and feelings, day after day, accumulating negative emotions, which leads us to a state of total incapacity to deal with this negative emotional state. When we get to this emotional state, we are without mental resources, without energy to establish our goals, to live in a happy way.
Causes of Depression
Depression is an introspective state in which our mind tries to process strong negative emotions from past experiences and that still disturb us, such as sadness, guilt, hatred, anger, anxiety, among others.
It is commonly mentioned that depression is the result of a chemical imbalance in the brain, but we know that this imbalance in the brain is a consequence of the depressed state. Thus, treating it changes the biochemical imbalance in the neural networks.
Psychiatry distinguishes depression by its different manifestations, symptoms and consequences. However, these designations merely define the various forms and features which the depressed state assumes.
Depression can acquire such a severity that deprives the person of his/her intellectual ability and energy, and hinders him/her from living a normal and happy life.
The main symptoms of depressive states are:
- Anguish and Sorrow;
- Fatigue, tiredness and loss of energy;
- Feelings of worthlessness, lack of confidence and low self-esteem;
- Feelings of guilt, hopelessness, and/or helplessness;
- Lack or excess of appetite;
- Sleep disorder;
- Difficulty concentrating, remembering details, and making decisions;
- Persistent sad, anxious, or "empty" feelings;
- Disinterest, apathy and sadness;
- Loss of interest in activities or hobbies once pleasurable, including sex;
- Irritability, restlessness;
- Persistent aches or pains, headaches, cramps, or digestive problems that do not ease even with treatment.
A normal and common depressive state is mourning. When someone we love dies, the emotions associated to that loss completely fill our emotional structure, destabilizing it. So, we enter a process of reflection, of inner contemplation, discovery and introspection. This process is called grieving, which is nothing more than a depressive state. What about when we leave it? We leave this mourning state when we are able to dissociate ourselves from the strong emotions that hindered our emotional system, that made us cry, that made us lose appetite, motivation... Therefore, we realise that we leave the depressive states when we dissociate ourselves from emotions that disturb us.